The health effects of structural racism

In the United States, the health of African-Americans lags behind most other racial minority groups.  Compared to whites, black men and women face higher risks of chronic illness, infection, and injuries.  Taken altogether, the average life span for African Americans is six years less compared to whites.  If we can begin to acknowledge that health outcomes are often dependent on factors outside of the control of individual patients, their physicians, or their health …

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