A 65-year-old man is evaluated after a recent colonoscopy, which disclosed a 2.5-cm pedunculated polyp in the sigmoid colon. The polyp was removed in its entirety in a single piece. Biopsy results showed a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma confined to the submucosa without evidence of lymphovascular involvement and a 1-mm margin. There is no family history of colorectal cancer.
Physical examination findings are unremarkable.
Which of the following is the most appropriate management?
A: Colon resection
B: CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis
C: Radiation therapy
D: Repeat colonoscopy in 3 months
MKSAP Answer and Critique
The correct answer is D: Repeat colonoscopy in 3 months.
The most appropriate management is to repeat colonoscopy in 3 months. A malignant polyp was discovered during this patient’s colonoscopy and was endoscopically resected. Invasive adenocarcinoma arising in a pedunculated polyp may be considered adequately treated by endoscopic en bloc polypectomy alone if the lesion is confined to the submucosa and possesses no adverse histologic features such as poor differentiation, lymphatic or vascular invasion, or involved margins. National recommendations for postpolypectomy surveillance intervals are as short as 3 to 6 months in patients with large (>2 cm) adenomas or adenomas with invasive cancer and favorable prognostic features. These shorter surveillance intervals help to ensure that no residual polyp tissue remains.
If any adverse histologic features are noted, the risk of lymph node involvement is increased substantially and surgical resection of the involved colon is required. Surgical resection should also be considered if the lesion is removed piecemeal and the adequacy of resection cannot be confirmed.
Since this tumor is endoscopically cured, neither radiation therapy nor CT scan of the abdomen or pelvis is necessary.
- National recommendations for postpolypectomy surveillance intervals are as short as 3 to 6 months in patients with large (>2 cm) adenomas or adenomas with invasive cancer and favorable prognostic features.
This content is excerpted from MKSAP 17 with permission from the American College of Physicians (ACP). Use is restricted in the same manner as that defined in the MKSAP 16 Digital license agreement. This material should never be used as a substitute for clinical judgment and does not represent an official position of ACP. All content is licensed to KevinMD.com on an “AS IS” basis without any warranty of any nature. The publisher, ACP, shall not be liable for any damage or loss of any kind arising out of or resulting from use of content, regardless of whether such liability is based in tort, contract or otherwise.