Test your medicine knowledge with the MKSAP challenge, in partnership with the American College of Physicians. A 52-year-old woman presents for follow-up evaluation after being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus 6 weeks ago. Her initial HbA1c level was 8.0%. Management at this time is with lifestyle modifications. She has worked closely with a diabetes educator and a nutritionist since her diagnosis. She has lost 3.2 kg ...

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She drew the life-saving medication into the syringe, just 10 cc of colorless fluid for the everyday low price of, gulp, several hundred dollars. Was that a new chemotherapy, specially designed for her tumor? Was it a “specialty drug,” to treat her multiple sclerosis? Nope. It was insulin, a drug that has been around for decades. The price of many drugs has been on the rise of late, not just new ...

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Test your medicine knowledge with the MKSAP challenge, in partnership with the American College of Physicians. A 54-year-old man is evaluated because of fatigue. He also notes constipation and cold intolerance. Medical history is significant for tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma treated with radiation 3 years ago. There is no family history of thyroid disorders. On physical examination, the skin is dry. Mild periorbital edema is present. The thyroid ...

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The diabetes community has been set ablaze after UnitedHealthcare announced an agreement for Medtronic devices to be the “preferred” in-network, durable medical equipment (DME) provider of insulin pumps. Starting July 1, 2016, UnitedHealthcare patients will be funneled toward using a Medtronic insulin pump instead of offerings from manufacturers like Tandem and Animas. Many diabetes advocates have eloquently voiced their outrage and have been rallying ...

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Lena Wright’s best friend was hunched over like a character from a French novel, with spinal bones so thin they would fracture with a fit of sneezing. Determined to avoid that fate, Wright (a pseudonym) asked her primary care doctor to test her for osteoporosis with a DEXA scan, also known as dual energy x-ray absorption. The scan would send two x-ray beams through her bones, one high-energy and the ...

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Test your medicine knowledge with the MKSAP challenge, in partnership with the American College of Physicians. A 48-year-old woman returns for a follow-up visit for management of type 1 diabetes mellitus. She reports doing well since the last visit. Overall, she believes that most of her blood glucose levels are at goal, but is concerned about occasional episodes of hyperglycemia occurring in the morning before breakfast. She eats ...

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It’s amazing how quickly my role changed from physician to patient, thanks to a silent assailant: osteoporosis. I went to the gym in the morning before work 12 days ago, as I often do now that my children are all grown up and out of the house. First, a couple of light sets of leg exercises served as a warm-up, and then I started a set with a barbell on my ...

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Test your medicine knowledge with the MKSAP challenge, in partnership with the American College of Physicians. A 52-year-old man is evaluated during a routine examination. He is asymptomatic but is concerned about his weight. Medical history is significant for prediabetes and elevated cholesterol levels. He smokes one or two cigars a week. He drinks one or two alcoholic beverages a few nights each week. He does not get ...

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"To be trusted is a greater compliment than to be loved." - George MacDonald As we adjust her position on the surgical table, I spot some short, vertical scars on the front of her neck. The parallel slashes sit directly over her enlarged thyroid -- a goiter -- and appear to have been deliberately placed. There are two sets of scratches, one set on either side of the neck, nearly identical in length and evenly ...

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Test your medicine knowledge with the MKSAP challenge, in partnership with the American College of Physicians. A 78-year-old woman is evaluated for a rapidly enlarging neck mass that has been present for 4 weeks and is associated with neck discomfort, dysphagia, and hoarseness. The patient has had Hashimoto thyroiditis and hypothyroidism since age 24 years and has been taking levothyroxine since that time. Physical examination reveals an older woman ...

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