Studies in JAMA suggest no improvement in mortality:

Cutting the grueling work hours of doctors-in-training had little effect on reducing patient deaths, according to two large studies . . .

. . . For the groups with no change, Volpp said one possible explanation is that more patient handoffs by residents offset the benefits of reduced fatigue.
Update:
Roy Poses with his thoughts.

Zagreus Ammon with a somewhat different take:

I don't think working forty eight hours straight is the problem. More likely the fact that those 48 hours have become as grueling and punishing as an ultra-marathon. The fact is that medical interventions have become much more intense than ever before and no patient lounges around the hospital waiting to get better. The cost-containment pressures on the health care system have ...

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Limiting resident work hours may be linked with an increase in surgical complications:

Using data from the trauma center at the Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center, researchers compared outcomes before and after the limits were introduced. They found that the death rate didn't change significantly. But the rate of "preventable complications" rose after the work limits were introduced. "This increase in complication rate may ...

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Resident work hour restrictions

Who do you believe?

Some residents may not be adhering to the rules. While a study by the group that accredits residency programs found that only 3% of residents worked more hours than the rules allowed, Harvard sleep researchers found that 80% of residents they surveyed worked excess hours.

Maria comments on the recent debate about the pros and cons of limiting residents' work hours. The key is limiting the perils of the hand-off/sign-out to covering physician. Some don't seem to realize the potential dangers of this.

retired doc on the effects of limiting residents' work hours:

Do we not learn in part by making errors in an environment where we are buffered and protected by our mentors and more senior colleagues? How will this cohort of residents fare when they are truly out on their own and there will be no team to hand off to when they have been up most of the night ...

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Attendings pick up the patient care slack when house staff goes home, resulting in less teaching.

A case where a patient died due to multiple handoffs. retired doc criticizes the trend:

We seem to be replacing personal physician responsibility with "systems".

What lessons are being implicitly taught to the house staff? The procedure doc seems to have no post procedure responsibility but is content to delegate care to a NP. In that environment how surprised could you be to learn the intern ...

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