Ebola virus is rampant in West Africa. So far, the death toll is around 2,296, which makes it one of the largest outbreaks ever. Ebola is what’s known as a hemorrhagic fever virus, and belongs to a large family of nasty viruses that are widespread around the world. There’s even one in the American Southwest known as hantavirus, that lives in a species of mice. Yellow fever, which killed so ...

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Test your medicine knowledge with the MKSAP challenge, in partnership with the American College of Physicians. A 72-year-old woman is evaluated in the emergency department for loss of consciousness. Her son, who brought her in, says she seemed confused and agitated when he spoke to her on the telephone less than 2 hours ago. The patient has an 8-year history of type 2 diabetes mellitus. She had strict ...

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This is the story.  Ebola emerged in 1976 and the last major outbreak occurred in 2007 in Uganda and D.R. Congo. Now we are experiencing the largest outbreak of Ebola ever seen with a death toll of 1,848 and number of infected of 3,707, but these are only the “confirmed” cases. Ebola is affecting 4 countries in West Africa: Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Serra Lione, and while we have only seen ...

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What is HPV? HPV stands for human papillomavirus, and these viruses are the most common sexually transmitted viruses in the United States. Most of the people who are diagnosed with HPV are young and sexually active. The rates of HPV infection are high because most people who have HPV do not know they are infected because sometimes the virus shows no symptoms. Most HPV infections show no symptoms, and resolve within ...

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“He’d feel okay about not replacing the pacemaker’s battery when it ran down, he said. But turning it off, he said, would be 'too active.' Later he would tell me that it would have been “like putting a pillow over your father’s head.” These are the words of Katy Butler in her book Knocking on Heaven’s Door – The Path to a Better Way of Death in which she writes about her ...

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Thanks to the popularity of medical television shows, most people have witnessed hundreds of fictional cardiac arrests in their lifetime. In most of these scenes, the patient loses consciousness, and the medical team rushes to the bedside: “He’s in v-fib.” “Get me the paddles.” The team performs urgent chest compressions for a few seconds.  Then they place the metal paddles on the victim’s chest: “Clear!”  Kathump. The patient’s heart is back to normal again, tragedy ...

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Wendy Davis, gubernatorial candidate for Texas, has a new memoir Forgetting to Be Afraid. In it she describes terminating two pregnancies. One termination appears to have been in the second trimester for fetal indications and the other she describes as an ectopic pregnancy. She writes, “The only medical option was to have surgery to terminate the pregnancy and remove the affected fallopian tube -- which in Texas is technically ...

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Widespread news coverage has heightened concerns by many parents about a severe-symptom viral infection causing respiratory illness in children, predominately in the Midwest. Over the last month there has been a dramatic up-spike in children hospitalized with severe cold symptoms and wheezing. The virus isn’t new, but its effect on children seems to be. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has confirmed tests on children both in Kansas City and ...

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“Am I a hypochondriac?” It’s a question I hear with quite some regularity, almost never from people who suffer from bona fide anxiety disorders related to their health. No, the fact that all you have is a simple upper respiratory infection -- the common cold -- instead of a potentially lethal strain of H1N1 avian flu does not qualify. Not when your response to my reassurance is relief. That’s completely appropriate, and ...

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Back-to-school shopping, new sneakers and first-day outfits, sharpened pencils and fresh notebooks in oversized backpacks by the door: As a parent, these are the images I’ve come to associate with the start of every school year. But with my 20-plus-year history as a developmental pediatrician specializing in autism at Albert Einstein’s Children’s Evaluation and Rehabilitation Center, I have an added association with the start of the school year: a particular type of ...

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