If you are like millions of Americans, at some point in your adult life, your doctor will order you to have a CT or MRI scan. Quick, easy, and painless, these invaluable imaging tests provide a vast amount and array of diagnostic information about illnesses, and direct treatment paths.
However, the real pain usually begins when you receive the bill. It is not uncommon for the charges, including radiological interpretation, to run into the thousands of dollars. However, as those of us in the medical field know, “charges” do not equal “costs.” So what exactly is the cost of these tests? Good question.
It is not uncommon for a MRI to cost $2,000-$5,000, depending upon where it is done. So how about charging just $275 for the test? Sound like a myth or joke? It isn’t, if you go to a site like Affordable Medical Imaging. So here’s the catch: they do not accept insurance or fill out insurance forms. Neither do they wait for payment. The patient pays the bill at the time of service, and the company gives the interpretation results and billing information to the patient. The patient may then submit it to his or her insurance company for payment.
How can they do that and still make money? The answer is easy. Without having to bill insurance companies and wait for authorizations and payments, the supplier to consumer short cut saves thousands of dollars in overhead costs. It may come as a shock to many, but health insurance is in large part the problem, and not the solution, to not only skyrocketing health care costs, but also access to care in this country.
Insurance sets the rates of payment, including Medicare, and thereby increases overhead for hospitals and doctors. Since Medicare “rules the roost” over how providers get paid, and how much, they have no competition. One of the immutable laws of economics is that no competition equals increased costs. This is true whether you are selling hamburgers or imaging tests.
One of the problems with health insurance in the US is by its history and very nature: it functions like no other insurance product. Imagine if your automobile insurance was forced to pay for preventive maintenance and oil changes. Or your homeowner’s policy covered a couple of shingles knocked off a roof in a storm. If they did, then how affordable to you think those policies would be?
Every time insurance is excluded form the equation in medicine, prices go down — think LASIK and plastic surgery. Insurance, by its very nature, is meant to cover episodic large, often unpredictable, events, not everyday minor problems.
The difference between health insurance and others is the implicit belief that everyone is entitled to basic coverage for illness and accidents. Although still somewhat controversial, it is this essential belief that makes that coverage either very expensive, or not accessible. Unless this paradigm changes, medical insurance will continue to escalate and health care more difficult to access.
To be sure, not everyone can afford high deductible health insurance plans. Although the Affordable Care Act will reduce premiums for some, it will raise them for many more. Yet, if the truly free market were permitted to grow in health care, prices could only come down for everyone. Imaging is the easiest place to have price competition as the Affordable Medical Imaging example demonstrates. But there is absolutely no reason why it couldn’t be done in other medical and surgical fields as well.
Medicare changes reimbursements for often arbitrary and political reasons. Up until a few years ago, there were hundreds of freestanding cardiac catheterization labs across the US. That was until Medicare decided to reduce payments to these labs below the actual level of costs. No matter that most labs could do a heart cath, charge between $1,000-2,000, (including facility fees and professional charges), and still make a profit.
Instead, and due solely to favored payments, outpatient heart caths went back to the hospitals where charges for the same procedure are typically between $5,000-$10,000. That is an example of how preferential pricing can be a major driver of health care costs.
The roadblocks are substantial. The medical insurance and hospital industries have vested interests in keeping costs high. And as long as we view the holy grail of medical care being equated with having similar insurance for all, costs will never become significantly lower, and access will be come more two-tiered. Sometimes the simplest solutions are the best ones.
David Mokotoff is a cardiologist who blogs at Cardio Author Doc. He is the author of The Moose’s Children: A Memoir of Betrayal, Death, and Survival.