Is the iPad too big for medicine?

The iPad has been a mind-blowing success, and we’ve been regularly covering the excitement about the potential it offers to doctors and hospitals.

However, it’s important to continue innovating, and I propose that a 7 or 8 inch iPad Mini (Or Nano, if you prefer) would be the next logical step for Apple, as it offers an ideal blend of screen real estate and portability that both the iPhone and iPad lack.

In fact, I’d go so far as to say that Apple has something to lose by choosing to ignore the market for smaller tablets.

When questioned about possible rumors of a smaller iPad in development last October, Steve Jobs colorfully denied them by criticizing small tablets as “meaningless unless your tablet also includes sandpaper, so that the user can sand down their fingers to around one quarter of their present size. … Seven-inch screens are 45 percent as large as an iPad [10 inches]. This size isn’t sufficient for making great tablet apps.” Steve Jobs is a visionary, and while I would have agreed with him then, the tablet market is still evolving.

Is the iPad too big?

The iPhone (or competing smartphone) has quickly become an indispensable tool for every physician. The same cannot be said for the iPad. The reality is that its 10 inches demands a justification to carry around. Unless you are using it for a specific purpose several times a day while you are on the go, it’s simply not worth the added bulk (and potential cost of losing). Yes, the iPad 2 is lighter than a stethoscope and sleeker than a legal pad, but it’s simply too tall and wide to carry around on your body.

My iPad does not fit in my white coat pocket, so I’ve tried small messenger bags in order to keep my hands free while wielding the tablet. Even then, the bag itself becomes an unnecessary burden around the hospital (and not to mention a questionable fashion choice for men). While certain clinicians might be able to find specific use for their iPads (eg. EMR access through VPN, personal use during leisure time, outpatient integration in the office), many physicians won’t find enough justification for iPad use on-the-go in a hospital setting. There is a reason why the popular Washington Manual and Pocket Medicine come in bite-size formats.

Is the iPad too big for medicine?

iPod as a model: Different users require different form-factors

I wholeheartedly agree with Steve Jobs when he says that seven inch screens bring limitations to usage. The current iPad’s keyboard is just barely large enough as a functional keyboard in landscape mode, and any smaller model would lead to sacrifices in typing efficiency. Furthermore, complex apps (such as iMovie and GarageBand) largely benefit from the iPad’s full 10 inches.

However, I feel that the iPad mini’s most notable benefits to a large number of clinicians would be for viewing data/reference material, in addition to accessing e-mail/calendars. The Skyscape and Medscape reference apps for the iPad are beautiful and present information more intuitively than viewing the crammed interface on the iPhone screen — but the Amazon Kindle shows that even 6 inches can render data in a form that closely resembles the page of a book.

Similarly, it would be wonderful browsing UpToDate.com on a screen that renders web pages in an immediately readable format. And while I write on behalf of doctors, there is a sizable portion of the iPad community at large that primarily uses the device for eBooks, recipe’s, games, and media consumption, all which would be just as usable on a smaller device that could fit in a purse or jacket pocket.

It is this diversity of users that brought multiple different product lines to the iPod brand: the Nano, Shuffle, Classic, and Touch. The Nano and Shuffle were great audio devices for athletes because they provided minimal size, whereas music aficionados love the Classic and its ability to simply focus on large music libraries. It wasn’t an issue of one model being superior to the other, but rather about what your needs were from your audio player. The physical size of tablets is large enough to accommodate a variety of different form factors, much like the way Apple has 5 different laptop models ranging from 11 inches to 17 inches.

But what about fragmentation?

To be fair, offering various form factors for the iPod was easier because the sole requirement of an iPod was to play audio files. On the other hand, the iPad leans heavily on its vast App Store, and takes pride in the fact that a any app can run smoothly on any iOS device. The last thing Apple wants is to become entrenched in the fragmentation that plagues Android: developing apps for Android requires accommodating many different hardware sets, screen sizes, OS versions, and all the special customizations that companies like HTC, Samsung, and Motorola have designed for their own products.

This definitely poses issues, but introducing a mid-size iPad would not necessarily have to fragment the iOS ecosystem. In fact, many existing iPad apps would look even BETTER on a 7 inch iPad because the iPad is currently not using the Retina Display. To explain, the iPhone 4’s Retina Display packs 960×640 pixels on it’s 3.5 inch screen, for a total of 326 pixels per inch (ppi), and Apple claims that anything greater than 300ppi is indistinguishable to the human retina. The iPad 2 houses 1024×768 pixels onto it’s 9.8 inch screen, for a total of only 132 ppi. That means you could take the current iPad 2 screen, shrink it down to 7 inches, and run it at the exact same resolution with no tweaks required for apps, resulting in a more crisp ppi that is approaching 200.

If it ain’t broke, then why fix it?

The truth is that Apple is in a great position, and absolutely dominates the tablet market as it currently stands. While the Android-based Xoom and Blackberry Playbook have had mediocre sales at launch, the iPad 2 is still selling through every shipment. If they’ve had so much success thus far, why should they change anything now?

To answer that, I’d look to the iPhone just two years ago, when it was enjoying a significant advantage in mindshare and reputation over the Android platform. At the time, the iPhone was still only available through AT&T, and a significant number of users begrudgingly settled with Android phones in order to stay with Verizon’s reputation of stability and service coverage. This was the slim entrance that Android needed to enter the smartphone market and then steadily grow their market share. It’s hard to imagine Android being nearly as successful had the iPhone been available on the two largest US wireless providers.

In the tablet space, Apple is now enjoying a comfortable lead in the tablet market, and there’s little reason why a mainstream consumer would opt for any other 10 inch tablet other than the iPad because it is the standard in 10 inch tablets. On the other hand, as smaller tablets arrive on the market (eg. the 7 inch Blackberry Playbook, HTC Flyer, Samsung Galaxy Tab, and HP PalmPad) and their respective App Stores begin to mature, the choice becomes a lot more difficult without a similar analogous iPad.

It made perfect sense for Apple to initially only offer one size of the iPad, just as it made sense to release a single iPod. Without an established market and consumer base, too much choice can lead to customer confusion and hesitation. However, now that Apple has proven the utility of the iPad and established its place in the market, it can afford to and will only gain from branching out with an additional form factor to appeal to as much of the consumer base as possible before it’s competition can get their foot in the door.

That’s great, but Is this even a possibility?

I started off the article with quotes from Steve Jobs clearly denying the possibility of Apple releasing a smaller iPad. But those familiar with Apple know this does not necessarily mean that the option has truly been ruled out. In fact, 3 years prior to releasing the iPhone, he stated, “We didn’t think we’d do well in the cell phone business.” And before Apple announced the iPad, he had stated, “”Tablets appeal to rich guys with plenty of other PCs and devices already.” One Apple blog wrote an excellent article chronicling 6 instances where Apple has actively denied products or features that were actually in existence.

The tablet market is still new, and competitors will continue to flood the market over the next 6 months. Competition will bring various features, form factors, and operating systems. While Apple does not need to outstretch itself by releasing alternatives to every single competing device, releasing a more portable iPad Mini might go a long way towards simultaneously expanding and maintaining control of the tablet market.

As doctors who utilize technology as a tool to assist our primary interaction with patients, a pocketable iPad Mini could become even more indispensable to our practice than smartphones currently are.

David Ahn is a physician who blogs at iMedicalApps.com, where this post originally appeared.

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  • Wayne Ruth

    I don’t know your age, but as a physician approaching 60 I would not be able to use a smaller iPad. In fact the existing is a little too small for daily use. Part of the problem is that the EMR programmers were thinking desktop computer, not tablet. Maybe that will eventually change with the introduction of native tablet interfaces.

    For the time being I suggest not a smaller screen, just a bigger pocket…

  • http://twitter.com/kbkcomm Katie Fassl

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    Although I am not a doctor wearing a lab coat with those wonderful side pockets that interns and residents tend to stuff with small notebooks and coil bound guides, I wholeheartedly agree that a smaller version of the iPad would be great.  I had been looking for a tablet that could fit in the breast pocket of a suit coat and found that even the Xoom and the Blackberry versions are very snug at best and will not fit with a protective cover.  I would think it would be possible to have a clam shell touchscreen device that would fold to about one-half the size of the iPad.  It would fit nicely in a suit coat pocket or a lab coat pocket and provide the benefits of the iPad, especially when the keyboard takes up half of the screen as it is.